Business & Tourism Creswick Inc.

Buried Rivers of Gold Heritage Trail

Welcome to the Buried Rivers of Gold Heritage Trail. Through this trail you will experience the sights and stories of the area's gold mining history and settlement. Many of these sites are registered by the Heritage Council, Victoria, and are identified by blue plaques.

From the 1850s through to the early 1900s the area to the north of Creswick was the site of extensive pastoral and gold mining activity.

Gold fever struck Creswick early with massive alluvial mining operations in all the gullies and creeks. In the late 1850s Chinese miners re-washed the entire creek system in their search for gold.

 In 1872, a small prospecting party of Carter, Brawn and Graham struck rich lead mines throughout the area which recovered over 1,697,500 ounces of gold.


A deep lead is sometimes described as a 'buried river of gold'. It is the bed of a former river system which has been buried at some stage. Volcanic eruptions covered the rivers with a layer of basalt or eroded soil buried the watercourses under layers of gravel, sand, dirt and rock.

Throughout this area, there are five different deep leads, each part of this river system boasting approximately 120 mine sites. The leads within the system include the Spring Hill Lead, Lewer's Lead, Australasian Lead, Hepburn Lead and the Berry Lead.

Image below: Madame Berry Mine mullock heaps are all that remains of the most famous mine on the deep lead system, recovering a total of 387,314 ounces of gold. With over 250 employees, the mines were one of the largest industrial companies in the colony of Victoria.

Madame Berry Mine mullock heap

Berry No1 Mine 550dpi

Aerial Photograph above of the Berry No. 1 Mine pumphouse

Booklets outlining the Trail can be purchased for $2 from the Creswick Information Centre on the corner of Victoria and Albert Streets in Creswick.

On the map in the centre of the booklet, the Trail is highlighted with places of interest numbered. By referring to the number system, you can read about each point of interest along the Trail.